The global exponential plastic production and consumption is be-coming an increasingly relevant issue. In 2018, the annual plastic production was 400 million tons of which about 13 million leaks into open waters each year (UN environment, 2018). Moreover, future trends predict that plastic production may ascend up to 1800 million each year (Ryan, 2015). Furthermore, the plastic aquatic debris that floats in the water suffers from mechanical action and UV-radiation-induced-photooxidation, leading to a loss of mechanical integrity (GESAMP, 2015).
Ecotoxicological and biochemical effects of environmental concentrations of the plastic-bond pollutant dibutyl phthalate on Scenedesmus sp. (Full PDF)